Avusa is stepping boldly into the pay wall arena with the websites of its Eastern Cape newspapers, The Herald and the Daily Dispatch. Avusa Media LIVE GM Elan Lohmann told Bizcommunity this week that the date for putting a pay wall up on the two newspapers' sites was still under discussion but he would like to see it done in the next three months.
“The Daily Dispatch [in East London] and The Herald [in Port Elizabeth] are the dominant news players in their regions and this is the perfect setting to try it out,” said Lohmann. “We do know there are risks but with the advertising model [for the two sites] not working, it's a risk we're prepared to take.”
Lohmann said that before the pay wall goes up, there would be a comprehensive communications strategy to tell users why Avusa, which also owns the Sunday Times, Sowetan and Sunday World, was going this route.
A large proportion of the two websites' existing users were in Gauteng or lived overseas, said Lohmann, some of whom Avusa was hoping to convert to online subscribers who pay a monthly fee for access.
“For people interested in the Eastern Cape, these brands have meaning,” said Lohmann, “I think we will know within two or three months [of the pay wall launch] if this going to work and if it doesn't, it's not the end of the world. We can revert back.”
Daily Dispatch editor Andrew Trench* is a pay wall proponent and, in a post on his personal blog this year, he wrote that there could be a “correlation between the percentage of readers willing to pay for online content and the percentage of readers willing to pay for content in the form of a physical newspaper”.
He gives the example that the paper's ABC figures show that it sells above 30 000 copies a day but AMPS figures estimate that there are 300 000 daily readers. Therefore, for the print publication, about 10% of the readers physically pay for the content. At the moment, the paper's website has between 100 000 and 120 000 unique users a month.
“I'd be happy to have even 10 000 readers paying to read the Dispatch Online every month,” Trench said on his blog. “It would provide us with a healthy revenue stream, easily cover the costs our little web team - and allow us to invest even more in quality online and print journalism. To continue to give away content for free will not improve journalism, it will kill it. Or we can sit around waiting for a goose to lay a golden egg.”
This really is the one of the most important issue facing newspapers today - whether they're in the UK, the US or far-flung places such as South Africa. Since the world's most powerful media baron, Rupert Murdoch, threw down the gauntlet in August last year and announced that pay walls would go up on his News Corp titles such as The Sun and The Times, media houses have been re-examining the strategic directions of their websites and crunching the numbers.
The UK is proving to be -in the words of the New York Times (which will itself implement a metred payment model next year) -“a laboratory for newprint's future”. This after News Corp announced that The Times and Sunday Times, which share a website, will charge £1 a day or £2 a week for access, starting this June. As part of the move, The Times is planning to add all sorts of interactive bells and whistles to its content, such as the opportunity for readers to take part in question-and-answer sessions with its top journalists.
Wall of marketing speak
Marketing for the paid-content model has already begun in earnest. If you go to www.timesplus.co.uk, you get a wall of marketing speak for its paid-content site - rather than its news content - and you must register to be “the first to get complimentary access to our new sites”.
On the other side of the scale in the UK, there is The Guardian, whose editor is vehemently opposed to pay walls because, he says, they are against the spirit of openness on the Internet and they will see the newspaper industry “sleepwalking into oblivion”.
Then there is the Daily Mail, whose online publisher recently said that its free site was now big enough to make advertising pay, expand its brand internationally and strike lucrative new partnerships with select clients.
It will be fascinating to see how this plays out in the UK. Will The Times get enough of a conversion rate when its readers could quite easily decamp to The Guardian's free online offering or, perish the thought, to that of the Daily Mail tabloid? The New York Times points out: “While publishers worry that the online advertising pie will never grow large enough, they are also aware of another risk of erecting a pay wall: A loss of readers to the BBC, whose free Web sites are already the most popular British news source on the Web.”
Open the door to competitors
Even though you need a small conversion rate (the generally accepted industry standard is you can expect to get 1%) and paid-content sites will be able offer advertisers valuable demographics, as well as more time spent on site, you open the door to competitors going after critical mass. In the US, there are portents of this, where Bloomberg's free website has been revamped to go after the paying users of the Wall Street Journal and the Financial Times.
Extensive market research is a must and that early data suggests that publications with wealthier readers may be more attractive candidates for pay walls.
Paid-for content providers need to invest in and market the content behind the pay walls. Cost-cutting will spur readers to shop elsewhere.
Paid-for content providers need to use the latest in marketing technology to know their paying users to provide targeted advertising at a premium - not at a discount.
The cost and complexity of monitoring the micropayment model cannot be underestimated and paid-for content providers should try make transactions as large as possible to reduce the transaction cost.
Back in South Africa
Back in South Africa, BDFM (which is 50% owned by Avusa and the publisher of Business Day and Financial Mail) told Bizcommunity earlier this week that it plans to put www.FM.co.za behind a pay wall before the end of this year. The Mail & Guardian Online has said it will charge for content in the near future. The Witness, the Pietermaritzburg-based paper that is 50% owned by Media24, has already put up a pay wall on its unique KwaZulu-Natal content (not on national and international news) but its aims are modest: to generate sufficient income to bolster its small web operation, rather than to make money. The partial pay wall went up in November 2009 and was more likely a defensive move against declining circulation.
So it is Avusa, with its recently consolidated online operation, that is the major pathfinder here and all in the print and new-media industries will be watching the Eastern Cape websites with great interest.
* Disclosure: Gill Moodie is married to Daily Dispatch editor Andrew Trench.
Gill Moodie (@grubstreetSA) is a freelance journalist, media commentator and the publisher of Grubstreet (www.grubstreet.co.za). She worked in the print industry in South Africa for titles such as the Sunday Times and Business Day, and in the UK for Guinness Publishing, before striking out on her own. Email Gill at az.oc.teertsburg@llig and follow her on Twitter at @grubstreetSA.
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Can E Cape afford this?-
The E.Cape is one of the poorest provinces in South Africa - I know as I am from there and have family still living in PE. It has more people in the manufacturing sector who don't have easy access to computers, so why would Avusa choose the E.Cape to test this format? I am sure that they did their homework, but is just seems an illogical place to test what is really a contentious move by the media in order increase revenue.
Will Avusa's badly paid and heavily exploited staff benefit?-
Avusa seems to treat its journalists particularly badly, unilaterally changing conditions of employment and effectively cutting their wages over time through less than inflation increases and longer working hours. Few any longer belong to a union and training is minimal, leading to a drop in quality of output. Will staff see any of the increased revenue Avusa hopes to generate? I doubt it.
@Rose, you ask why start with the EC and a market that is significantly poorer than elsewhere. I think therein lies the reason - if it doesn't work, Avusa can revert to the old model, and in the process won't have lost much revenue in any case.
I believe its a mistake either way. Pretoria News Online is subscription only - therefore I never read it. The Witness is subs only - I never read it. The Star has some premium content - I see no value in paying for news presented online from the print edition, which is yesterday's news at best anyway.
I wish them luck, but having personal experience of the ineptitude within Avusa and many friends at the other media groups it's unlikely to be a success.
I think the thinking behind the move is to get ex-Eastern Capers who live in other part of the province and overseas to pay as a large proportion of the websites' users are made of these people. Print subscribers get automatic access behind the paywall. If they can't get advertising on their websites as they stand, I think it's a sound move but let's see what happens.
I also wish them luck but can't see it happening. There are too many Free options that provide just as good, if not better, coverage. Since The Times (London) put a price tag on their site I haven't been near it. Not necessarily because I have to pay, but there is so much red tape and filling out of forms etc before I can get thru to the news. I like to hit the internet and switch from The Times, The Telegraph and the Daily Mail instantly; not wait for their crappy justification and data collection sequence to finish. Time is of the essence. In a country that has less than 30% literacy and still limited access to the internet, I can see the Herald and Dispatch websites nose-diving out of control within a month.
Nice romantic motivation but didn't the ex-pats and nomads leave the province to get away from it; to break out in pastures new and chart new waters? Can't see them hanging on to the Dispatch and Herald for kicks. Especially when it costs them.
Do i have to use really money, because i will only pay for something like this if I could use virtual monopoly money. Crazy idea!
And with regard to advertising... there is very little advertising on the Herald site. This sounds like a people in a boardroom, getting paid lots of money, to make bad decisions that cost the company. I would like to know what research they have done.
Why dont they make it attractive to advertisers to place ads on there site instead of losing all the readers they already have :-(