The ROI is what separates a good promotion from a bad one. Driving promotions without looking into the inherent factors that influence the ROI can lead to promotions that damage the bottom-line. Adapting a centralised solution to give stakeholders a comprehensive view of the various facets is the key to effective promotions that grow the business. By using advanced analytics, a company can take all inherent factors into account and determine its real promotion ROI. Here are some strategy points to consider when thinking about these concepts:
There are five inherent factors of promotions that business leaders should be aware of and monitor closely:
Actual incremental volume uplift
The actual incremental volume uplift is the sum of the additional volume redirected from gaining market share and the customers that bought the product purely because it was on promotion. This could also include customers who purchased more of the product because it was on promotion - they would have bought a certain baseline amount but because it was on promotion they bought more.
The indirect promotional cost associated with the following three factors need to be considered:
Direct promotional cost
These costs vary per industry and across the value chain. However, they can include any direct cost for the promotion to take place including slot fees, display fees, and any advertising costs.
The return on investment of promotion is the sum of all promotional costs (direct and indirect) divided by the profit generated from the promotion.
Paying attention to this key KPI ensures that the promotional spend is going into the right promotions and that the business is not running promotions that are damaging to the bottom-line.
Volume gain does not necessarily mean profit gain - in fact, it can hurt the business if it is not driving promotions with the full picture in mind. Investing in promotional analytics can get the company where it needs to be in terms of driving successful promotions.
Consumer behaviour: Is the business pushing the correct products at the right time, stores, or price and is it pushing the right type of promotions to really change consumer behaviour? A company can answer all these questions if it applies the correct analytics. Creating a consumer-centric view of historic data provides direction into what promotions to do when, where, and how. Promotional success is based on meticulous planning, monitoring and analysis of many different factors.
Data-driven forecasting: Without the correct supply, a company will be unable to reach the full potential of a promotion strategy. Using analytics, it can consider the future (investment and inventory forecasting), helping it to plan accordingly and not lose out on sales.