Take that in: in the past six months, average South Africans have procured, and are in the process of installing, more solar photovoltaic capacity than the government has done in 10 years of attempting to manage an energy emergency.
These numbers are staggering and bode well for the future of residential solar to lighten the load on the national grid. But a crucial caveat blocking the solar at the end of the tunnel is the limited tax incentives for private solar solutions.
Enter the 2023 Budget.
In his speech, finance minister Enoch Godongwana announced a rebate for private households, comprising 25% of the cost of rooftop solar panels, up to a maximum of R15,000, as of 1 March 2023. However, this incentive, which will help reduce individual’s tax liability, is only available for a year.
So, for the next 12 months we can expect a rush on solar installation. But will supply match demand? And among those suppliers, how many are Black empowerment entrepreneurs? The answer to both of these questions is ‘not enough’.
Instead, if the tax allowance was extended, we would have more time to expand the industry and grow the market so that supply could meet demand. And the knock-on effects will be beneficial for the government in the long run. Let me explain why.
There is, understandably, hesitation that tax incentives can be a slippery slope. But should we extend them by several years, and if they are regulated correctly, the economic ripple effects have the potential to transform the country’s future financial outlook.
Take the case for investment. At present, our demand outstrips supply, meaning there is an untapped opportunity for small-scale investment into communities where solar installation solves the energy crisis for those who can’t afford to invest, with the investor reaping the reward of the deduction. This is economics 101 and, on a larger scale, attraction for international investors will become more alluring with a much wider pool.
This would all be possible if the market had more time to mature, which would allow for more suppliers to start installing solar. This is an area that could also do with further thought around tax incentives, perhaps introducing a different structure that allows for this form of industry development.
Going forward, residential solar development could become a major catalyst for the growth of entrepreneurs and small businesses. This would drive meaningful empowerment and skills development as more qualified electricians receive the necessary training to become compliant, while also improving our capacity for solar rooftop development across the country.
It would also help incentivise the production and manufacturing of renewable energy-associated equipment. A circular economy of supply and demand will only increase as more and more end users make the move towards renewable options which would put local manufacturers in a much more favourable financial position.
A year is also not long enough for many households to afford solar installation. Consider the fact that for the average household, the installation of a basic solar inverter and battery system will cost in the region of R60,000 - R100,000. For a lot of people, this is not the sort of disposable cash they have lying around, which is why a longer tax incentive window would assist more households to invest in solar.
Extending the residential tax incentive certainly seems like a win-win situation across the board. Yet it will require a mindshift from key stakeholders such as Sars and local municipalities. These initial losses may seem extreme, but we must realise that to navigate the energy crisis we can no longer afford to sacrifice long-term gains for short-term wins.
Ultimately, the energy crisis should be seen as a challenge that presents an opportunity for the government. By creating the right policy landscape, the government can help turn a bad situation into a success story, like they have done by laying the groundwork for the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Programme (REIPPP).
In the same way, setting the right incentives in place today can help guarantee the effective and secured development of South Africa’s residential solar industry tomorrow.