The cereal price index
rose 5.1% from August and is now 13.6% higher than a year ago. Higher wheat price quotations led the increase, spurred by brisk trade activity amid concerns over production prospects in the southern hemisphere as well as dry conditions affecting winter wheat sowings around Europe. Maize prices also rose, responding to lower production prospects in the European Union and a downward revision of carryover supplies in the United States of America. International sorghum and barley prices rose as well, while those of rice subsided.
The Food Price Index, released monthly, tracks the international prices of the most commonly-traded food commodities.
The vegetable price index
rose 6.0% in September, hitting an eight-month high as quotations for palm, sunflower seed and soy oils all rose in step with firm global demand.
The meat price index
declined 0.9% from August, partly influenced by China's decision to ban imports of pig meat from Germany after African swine fever (ASF) was detected among wild boars.
The dairy price index
was almost unchanged during the month, as moderate increases in the prices of butter, cheese and skim milk power were offset by a fall in whole milk powder quotations.
The sugar price index
declined 2.6%, mainly in reaction to expectations of a global sugar production surplus in the coming season, driven by a significant production recovery in India and strong output anticipated in Brazil.Cereal markets remain well supplied
FAO also released today new forecasts for world cereal production, slightly trimmed from last month's projections, and now pegged at 2,762 million tonnes for 2020, still an all-time high and some 2.1% higher than the previous year's output.
The new assessment, outlined in FAO's Cereal Supply and Demand Brief
, highlights expectations for global coarse grains output of 1,488 million tonnes, marked down by 0.5% from the previous report due to weather impacts on maize crops in several large producing countries and buoyed by improving prospects for barley. Global wheat production for 2020 is now seen at 765 million tonnes, a record high, marked up by conducive weather in Australia. World rice production is expected at 509.1 million tonnes, also a record level and unchanged from last month's projections.
World cereal utilisation in 2020/21 is forecast at 2 744 million tonnes, 2.0% higher than the previous year. More than half entails coarse grains, now forecast at 1,477 million tonnes, while wheat utilisation is pegged at 757 million tonnes, rising with increased consumption in China and India. World rice utilisation is expected to hit a new record of 510.5 million tonnes.
World cereal stocks are now forecast at 890 million tonnes at the close of seasons in 2021, a record high buoyed by growing wheat inventories in China. If the new projections are confirmed, the world cereal stocks-to-use ratio in 2020/21 will be 31.6%, only slightly down from the 2019/20 ratio but still relatively high from a historical perspective.
Global trade in cereals is also expected to reach an all-time high of 448 million tonnes in 2020/21, up 2.4% from the previous year and higher than FAO's earlier forecast in September.