South Africa has a number of initiatives that are aimed at fostering climate change adaptation and reducing the risk and vulnerability of South Africans.
Environmental Affairs acting deputy director general: climate change and air quality Tlou Ramaru said one of the notable projects yielding results is the one being undertaken with the support of the department, focusing on building resilience in the Greater uMngeni Catchment in KwaZulu-Natal.
“The project produces early warning systems in support of local communities and small-scale farmers to inform them about climate-proof settlements (built and ecological infrastructure), settlement planning and climate resilient agriculture,” Ramaru said.
He was addressing the Adaptation Futures Conference
on Tuesday, 19 June, in Cape Town.
Long Term Adaptation Scenarios Flagship Research Programme
The department has also developed the Long Term Adaptation Scenarios Flagship Research Programme (LTAS) that is aimed at responding to the South African National Climate Change Response White Paper by developing national and sub-national adaptation scenarios for South Africa under plausible future climate conditions and development pathways.
“This is a complex research work required for the projection of climate change impacts for key sectors, and an evaluation of their socio-economic implications in the context of the development aspirations of these sectors,” Ramaru said.
National Framework on Climate Services
South Africa has developed the National Framework on Climate Services to enable better management of the risks of climate variability and change at all levels. The framework incorporates science-based climate information and prediction services into planning, policy and practice.
“The nature of the National Framework on Climate Services requires an interface with different stakeholders within the various levels of government, and outside government.
“Therefore, successful implementation of the National Framework on Climate Services requires a well-coordinated structure with good governance to enhance the country’s capability to provide integrated climate services to all relevant users in a manner that empowers them to be climate resilient,” Ramaru said.
Adaption Fund programmes
Furthermore, the department has the Adaption Fund programmes, which are implemented by the South African National Biodiversity Institutes. The programmes deal with drought resilient agriculture, rain water harvesting, climate smart agriculture, sustainable livelihoods, ecosystem based adaptation and climate proofing.
The draft National Climate Change Bill has been developed to provide for the effective management of inevitable climate change impacts through enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change. This is to enable South Africa to build social, economic, and environmental resilience and an adequate national adaptation response in the context of the global climate change response.